The State Hydrometeorological Service is a specialized central public authority, founded under the Law on Hydrometeorological Activity No. 1536-XIII of February 25, 1998, with functions of implementing policies in the field of meteorology, hydrology, and related areas, including climatology, agrometeorology.
Following Government Decision no. 695 of August 30, 2017, the State Hydrometeorological Service is within the competence of the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment
The activity of the State Hydrometeorological Service is regulated by the Government Decision of the Republic of Moldova no. 401 of April 3, 2003 "On some aspects of the hydrometeorological activity in the Republic of Moldova", as well as by the Regulation on the organization and functioning of SHS approved by the Ministry.
The Regulation on the Hydrometeorological Data Fund was elaborated under art. 23 of Law no. 1536-XIII of February 25, 1998, on hydrometeorological activity, Law of the Republic of Moldova of January 22, 1992, No. 880-XII "About archive fund of the Republic of Moldova" and State Archive Fund Regulation (approved by Government Decision no.352 of May 27, 1992), and it is a part of the Archival Fund of the Republic of Moldova. The fund is supervised by the National Archive of the Republic of Moldova.
Law No. 272 “On the water” regulates the management and protection of surface and groundwater, including measures to prevent and combat floods, erosion, and measures to combat drought and desertification. Among the legislative and normative acts in force, which would regulate the activity of the institution would be Law on natural resources, no.1102-XIII of 6 February 1997, GD no. 733 of 23.09.2013.
Following the Decision of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova no. 210-XIII of July 29, 1994, the Republic of Moldova joined the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and the director of the Service is the country's Permanent Representative in this organization.
The specialists of the Service participate in the programs and projects of the CIS Interstate Council on Hydrometeorology according to the Collaboration Agreement in the field of hydrometeorology, signed by the Republic of Moldova on February 8, 1992.
In addition to the normative framework in the field, the activity of the institution is coordinated by other normative acts in force such as Government Decision no. 847 of 18.12.2009 “about approval of the Regulations on the organization and functioning of the Ministry of the environment, structure and the extreme number of staff of its central office” annex no.3, and by the Government Decision no.594 of 26.07 2017 on the restructuring of the central specialized public administration art.5 which modifies the name of the Ministry of Regional Development and Constructions in the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment, which is reorganized by absorbing the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry and the Ministry of Environment, becoming their successor of rights and obligations.
According to the Government Decision no. 330 of 03.04.2006 According to the Government Decision no. 330 of 03.04.2006 "On the approval of the nomenclature of services provided free of charge and against payment by SHS and the use of special means of SHS", the institution provides paid services by accumulating financial sources in the treasury accounts.
At the international level, the institution respects the principles contained in Law no. 112 of 02.07.2014 on the ratification of the Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova on one part and the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States on the other part.
At the same time, the institution supports the implementation of the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making, and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, participating in working meetings on the development of the Action Plan for implementing the provisions of the convention for 2020-2022.
The main activity and tasks of the Service
The activity of the Service is carried out based on four profile centers:
- Meteorological Center
- Hydrological Center
- Administrative Center
- Logistics Support Center.
The main tasks of the Service
- Carrying out the monitoring of the state and evolution of the hydrometeorological conditions to protect the population and the branches of the national economy against the dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena and the high level of environmental pollution;
- Elaboration of warnings regarding the weather changes and dangerous meteorological phenomena that are operatively transmitted to the central and local public administration bodies and mass media.
- Ensuring the population, central and local public administration bodies, economic agents, as well as national defense with hydrometeorological data and information about the quality of the environment;
- Establishment and management of the National Hydrometeorological Data Fund, necessary for the hydrometeorological foundation of the design, execution, and exploitation of various socio-economic objectives and the elaboration of strategies for the long-term development of the national economy;
- Participating in the exchange of information within the global system of hydrometeorological observations and fulfilling the obligations resulting from the international conventions and agreements to which the Republic of Moldova is a party;
- Warnings and consultations prepared in case of development of dangerous hydrological phenomena on the rivers of the republic (floods, formation of ice piles, sudden reduction of water flows in the river, very early appearance of floating ice, and establishment of ice bridges on rivers, ice destruction, etc.).
- Carrying out scientific and applied research in the field of meteorology, hydrology and studying the trend of the changes of the climatic conditions in the territory of the Republic of Moldova.
The main recipients of hydrometeorological information are:
- Central and local public bodies
- Central and local public bodies
- Authorities responsible for preventing and managing exceptional situations
- Energy sector
- The transport sector
- The agricultural sector
- Forestry sector
- Construction companies
- Authorities responsible for health and environmental protection
The service informs the recipients through the daily, weekly, decade, monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, and annual elaboration of the newsletters.