23 March World Meteorological Day - 2008
„OBSERVING OUR PLANET FOR A BETTER FUTURE”
Interview with Mr. Valeriu Cazac, Director of the State Hydrometeorological Service
- What is the meaning of the World Meteorological Day for all those who offer day by day the most important information – the meteorological forecast?
- Every year, on 23 March, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), celebrate World Meteorological Day. This Day commemorates the entry into force, on that date in 1950, of the WMO Convention. Subsequently, in 1951, WMO was designated as a specialized agency of the United Nations System. As a result a new era of international collaboration in the field of hydrology and meteorology makes its appearance.
This evolution significantly contributed to establishment of global operational systems, aimed to protection of life, livelihoods and property; health and well-being and for natural disaster risk reduction activities. The Republic of Moldova jointed the World Meteorological Organization on 29 July 1994, according to parliament decision nr. 210-XIII.
So, the State Hydrometeorological Service, as an institution subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, represents and promotes the Republic of Moldova interests in meteorology and hydrology fields in the collaboration with the international organizations and hydrometeorolgical services of other countries. Also I would like to mention that the success of WMO activity consists in global international collaboration, as the weather and clime are without administrative and economic borders.
- What is the difference between the celebration of this day in 2007 from the previous years?
- Every year WMO celebrate on 23 March the World Meteorological Day focused on certain theme, which is up- to- date.
The theme of 2007 World Meteorological Day would be «Observing our planet for a better future" in recognition of the scientific and socio-economic benefits derived by hydrometeorological observations and measurements at global, regional and national levels with the view of sustainable development. The data are used to forecast, prevent and mitigate the negative consequences of the hydrometeorological hazards; to protect the livelihoods, property and environment. The global and national economy become more susceptible to weather and climate and for the Republic of Moldova the negative consequences of extreme weather turn into social-economic and ecological hazards on a large scale.
The systematically hydrometeorological data collection started in the middle of the XVII century and the first meteorological network war created in 1854, being comprised by 7 stations in the Northern part of Italy and 4 in the Central part of Europe.
It would take over half a century for the first International Meteorological Conference (Brussels, 1853) and the First International Meteorological Congress (Vienna, 1873) to provide the structure to re-launch the concept of internationally coordinated weather observations. This was indeed to come about through the creation of the International Meteorological Organization, the forerunner of the present-day World Meteorological Organization.
On 23 March 1950, the Convention of the World Meteorological Organization entered into force, a date that is now celebrated annually as World Meteorological Day. Shortly afterwards, in 1951, WMO was designated a specialized agency of the United Nations System.
WMO coordinates the efforts of the National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NMHSs) to mitigate the natural hazards consequences by providing early warnings and better forecasting services, as well a by risk assessment; and to increase the public awareness in using of the meteorological land hydrological information.
WMO has a long experience in observing, exchange and storage of the data on weather, climate and water. By transferring the technology, providing services for capacity building, software for data administration and storage, WMO aims to ensure the NMHSs capacity, especially in the developing countries. Moreover, WMO’s effort to better integrate its observing systems is a significant contribution to the initiative of the international Group on Earth Observations to develop a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) by building upon the existing national, regional and international systems, to further integrate their respective competencies
The global WMO network is comprised of more than 12000 meteorological stations, the Specialized Regional Meteorological Centres and World Meteorological Centres offer operative data, analyses and forecasts that allow the NMHSs to issue early warnings and directions for different natural hazards, such as tornado, tropical cyclones, heat and cold waves, floods and droughts.
- The State Hydrometeorological Service has a fruitful cooperation with WMO, what are the advantages of this collaboration?
- The State Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Moldova is a special institution which monitor the weather and its evolution, prevent the severe meteorological events as well as carry out the monitoring of environmental pollution, that has a distinguish background. International cooperation in related fields is the milestone that ensure the Service sustainable run. Hydrometeorological observation data collected by the national services are disseminated to the synoptic mapping and near-time forecast World and Regional Centres.
WMO provide the Service with both technical assistance and financial. Due to this assistance the experts of our Service participate to the international conference, workshops and training courses.
Through the WMO Voluntary Assistance Programme, State Hydrometeorological Service benefit from specific technical assistance, a tool set for the soil moisture monitoring, equipment and software for receiving information from the Toulouse Space Centre (Meteo-France) etc.
- What about the regional cooperation of State Hydrometeorological Service?
- At the moment the Service assists within the regional projects on exchange of hydrometeorological information between the Danube (DANUBE – HYCOS) and Black See Countries (BLACK SEAHYCOS).
Up-to-day the State Hydrometeorological Service has an adequate network of stations and water gauges in order to observe systematically meteorological and hydrometeorological events and control the environmental pollution level. State of the art technology for processing related information is used and prepared. The experts, besides their work, carried out comprehensive scientific researches in related fields that are focused on enhancing the quality of forecasts increasing the number of forecast production and information regime.
The Sate Hydrometeorological Services signed bilateral agreements with National Hydrometeorological Services. It has strong relationships with neighbouring national hydrometeorological services. In order to strength the collaboration, the Service develops long-term intergovernmental programmes with Ukraine and Romania. The agreements pledge to exchange of information and monitoring of the water resources in the border rivers Dniestr and Prut.
- Which are the perspective goals of the Service?
- In the early 2001 within the governmental strategy „Country modernization- public welfare” I, as a manager of the present institution, drawn the future development plan aimed to strengthening and increasing the building capacity of State Hydrometeorological Service that is the only competent institution in the related field. In order to reach this aim, with the assistance of National Environment Facility, the Services co-workers redoubled efforts enhanced the technical-material bases which raise the image of the Service as a reliable source of information. Automatic meteorological posts, up-to-date equipment for several hydrological and hydrochemical posts were purchased and partially installed.
The process of global warming that had disturbed the climatic system of the Earth atmosphere became a concern for humanity and the demonstration of this is that the top problem discussed by the climatologists and meteorologists, as well as by politicians and state leaders is climate change and future life on earth as well as solutions for this challenge in order to insure a sustainable development
Therefore NHMSs are responsible for providing information and data on possible scenarios on climate and weather change to the decision makers. For this, it is necessary to completely modernize the Sate Hydrometeorological Service that would allow the transition to a new phase of activity. Such investments are justified by the economical benefits that would result from the correct use of the hydrometeorological information. The benefit could be at a 1.10 proportion.
- The great deals are performed with qualified specialists...
- Regarding the staff, that play a decisive role in the successful activity of any institution, the Government have supported from 2002 the training of specialists in the meteorological field. . As for the rest of the employees are continuously trained in order to meet the current requirements and to apply new technologies. Only in this way we will satisfy the increasing requirements of end-users.
- What do you wish for your experts in near future?
- We express our gratitude on this special day to all meteorologist- specialists from our country for their hard work which they are doing for several years and their contribution to the building capacity of the State Hydrometeorological Service as a specialized institution. I wish them to be aware that the quality of the information and services provided by them is critical for life security, for national economy progress and for environment sustainability. Successes and new accomplishments!